What Is Modal Fabric?
Modal was originally developed in Japan in the 1950s and is a semi-synthetic fabric made from beech tree pulp. It is used primarily for clothing, such as underwear and pajamas, and household items, like bed sheets and towels. Modal is a form of rayon, another plant-based textile, though it is slightly more durable and flexible than the standard version. Modal is often blended with other fibers like cotton and spandex for added strength and is considered a luxurious textile thanks to both its soft feel and high cost, as it is more expensive than either cotton or viscose.
Some Benefits to Using and Wearing Modal Fabric
- Soft. Modal l has an incredible soft touch, and is often used for bed sheets, pajamas and undergarments.
- Breathable. Modal is great for everyday clothes because the fabric’s weave is very breathable.
- Durable. Modal is very strong because of the tight weave and the long fibers and is therefore used for garments and housewares that receive regular use.
- Eco-friendly. Modal is made from regenerative plants and there are fewer chemicals used in the production process than with other types of rayon.
- Doesn’t pill. The fabric resists pilling and has a smooth finish that makes it ideal for everyday wear and use.
- Color fast. The fabric absorbs dye in warm water and does not bleed dye during the laundering process.
- Doesn’t shrink. Unlike most forms of rayon, modal is much less likely to shrink in the wash.
- Biodegradable. Modal is completely biodegradable.
Modal Care Guide: How Do You Care for Modal Clothes?
Modal can be washed in the washing machine and tumble dried. However, be sure to check the item’s washing instructions, as a modal blend (with textiles like cotton and spandex) might have different requirements.
- Wash in cold water. Pure modal can be washed in any water temperature, though cold water is ideal. Dry cleaning is not necessary, unlike most rayons.
- Use oxygen-based bleach. Chlorine bleach can weaken the fabric, so it should be avoided in the washing process.
- Dry on low to medium heat. Make sure you take your items out of the dryer right away—or even when a little bit damp—to avoid wrinkling. Hang up immediately.